- The PICSE project is working to develop a procurement model that could help surmount the significant barriers cloud technologies face.
- The project recently published a report on the experiences of ten European public sector organizations.
- The results of these case studies will feed into the upcoming PICSE ‘roadmap’ on the procurement of cloud services.
Desite the promise cloud computing shows, significant barriers to adoption remain. The PICSE (Procurement Innovation for Cloud Services in Europe) project is therefore working to develop a procurement model that could enable research centers to overcome these barriers and collectively acquire cloud-computing services to support their research. The project is funded under the European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme and builds on the pioneering work of the Helix Nebula Initiative.
The PICSE project recently published a report on the experiences of ten European public sector organizations that have either carried out a process to procure cloud services, or are considering doing so in the near future. The results of these case studies will feed into the PICSE ‘roadmap’ on the procurement of cloud services, which is set for publication early next year.
The organizations featured in the report include a public translation service provider, a university, a national library, and several intergovernmental organizations and national research institutions, as well as others. Based on these case studies, the report identifies three key barriers public service organizations face in procuring cloud computing services from commercial providers:
- Concerns about privacy and security for sensitive data.
- Lack of clarity when deciding the law applicable to procured cloud services — due to cross-border nature of many cloud services.
- Inability of existing procurement models at public organizations to cater for the pay-per-use or on-demand services offered by cloud service providers, for which monthly invoices may differ.
The report stresses the importance of procurers having the right skill set: having team members with a good technical understanding of cloud computing is important, and access to legal advice (around issues such as data-processor agreements) is vital. The report also emphasizes the importance of procuring organizations having migration and exit strategies in place, so as to avoid ‘vendor lock-in’.
"Joint procurement between multiple public organizations is one possible approach to help overcome some of these barriers. It enables the pooling of different skills, increasing the overall technical, legal, and financial expertise of the single procuring organization,” says Sara Garavelli of Trust-IT Services. “Smaller organizations in particular can benefit from this type of collaboration.”
Based on the feedback from the public organizations featured in the report, the PICSE project team has also come up with a ‘wish list’ of factors to improve the process. These include: improved catalogs of cloud service providers, more cloud brokers that can speed up the procurement process, standalone tests that can be used to gauge the suitability of the services offered by the suppliers, template 'tender' (request-for-proposals) documents, and standardized methods for accounting of cloud resources — thus enabling better comparison of costs.
However, the report's authors also say that the procuring organizations themselves can do much to improve the experience. When preparing a tender, they highlight the importance of communicating and engaging clearly with potential service providers and providing accurate technical specifications. Also, the authors stress that organizations need to market tenders well to ensure the maximum possible number of cloud service providers respond. And, where tenders are unsuccessful, the organizations should contact companies to find out why they chose not to respond — the lessons learned can be used to improve future tenders.
Commercial cloud solutions could have significant benefits for many research organizations, so — despite the challenges that exist — procurers shouldn’t be put off, says CERN’s Bob Jones, co-coordinator of the PICSE project. He explains that CERN is investigating commercial cloud computing resources as a way of supplementing the capacity of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) infrastructure. “There’s lots of seasonality in terms of how computing resources are consumed, and it can also be difficult for us to predict exactly how popular informational resources are going to be,” says Jones. “Topping up ‘in-house’ computing resources via the cloud could give us more flexibility.”
Jones adds that cloud computing also has the potential to help make science more open. Find out more about this in our recent feature article Working towards a European open science cloud.