- Not just for games, VR tells different stories in a different way.
- No other medium places the audience in the middle of the story like VR.
- Whole body experience imparts a deep level of empathy.
When it was first introduced in the 1990s, virtual reality (VR) was just a game – a novelty that few thought would have practical application. A couple of decades later, though, that game has changed. Just as VR was beginning to lose its luster, storytellers picked it up as a new platform on which to spin their yarns.
Here are two interviews from the 2015 Future of Storytelling (FOST) festival that illustrate the profound shift in consciousness that VR heralds.
Immersive journalist Nonny de la Peña uses VR to tell real stories. A former correspondent for Newsweek, de la Peña is a documentarian who has covered hunger in America, a mortar strike in Syria, and death at a migrant border crossing, all through the use of VR combined with actual audio.
When she presented Project Syria at the World Economic Forum, “there was an incredible reaction,” she says. “People were crying, and moved, and astonished, and then after that, action has occurred. I think this is a medium that can take away the filter of the journalist and let people become witnesses to their own stories.”
Fiction can also pack more punch through VR. Saschka Unseld, creative director for Oculus Story Studio, has observed that comedy and empathy work differently through VR than through a book or film.
For example, in films, close-up shots are often used to show emotion. But in VR, such shots can be uncomfortable for the audience. In film, characters also don’t often look directly at the audience; in VR, it feels awkward if they don’t. With VR, the bond between the character and the audience seems much more direct and intimate.
“A book works through inner monologue,” Unseld says. “You read what a character thinks. In a film, you understand a character through his actions. But in VR, I think you understand the story more through how you feel in a situation. I think it’s seeing the world with open eyes and discovering new things. To a certain extent some of the VR things that I’ve directed made me appreciate the world again a bit.”
In VR it is the viewer’s perspective that imports meaning, Unseld explains. Whereas film allows us to experience the character’s world through our eyes, with VR we experience their world with our entire body.
VR can definitely be fun, but to think of it as only for games would be to misconceive what’s occurring on this technological front. VR is nothing short of a new medium that brings a new way to experience and tell the stories of our world.
“It creates an empathy in people that far surpasses any other medium that we have to tell those type stories,” says de la Peña.